"CHANGE AND DECAY IN ALL
AROUND I SEE"
When Henry F. Lyte wrote the hymn "Abide With Me" from which this line is taken, the old church was nearing the end of its useful life and in 1845 a new church was built on the other side of the road during the incumbency of the Rev. Boughey Dolling at the cost of £2,400, and dedicated to "The Holy Trinity." This year we are marking the centenary of the rebuilding and extension of this church during the incumbency of the Rev. Thomas William Clarendon.
The Centenary Committee
— Back row: Mr. J. Simpson, Mr. D. Napier, Mr. V. Davison; middle row: Mrs. B. Hall, Mr. J. W. O. MacArthur, Mrs. G. Napier, Mrs. M. Dawson, Mr. P. Nicholson: front row: Miss B. Mulligan, Mrs. M. Leathern, Mrs. EvelineCousins, Mrs. E. Wickie, Mrs. Eileen Cousins, Mrs. M. Kennedy.
In the present time when more and more people are home owners, we realise the importance of maintaining our properties both internally and externally. Likewise with our church, where the ravages of wind and rain during the past hundred years have highlighted various problems in the fabric of the building. Generations of glebe wardens have attended to storm damage to the roof and repaired the lead guttering in the valleys at various times, but the Rector and Vestry considered that in this centenary year we should carry out a major refurbishment of the building.
Mr. Stephen Leighton, of Leighton Johnston Associates, was appointed architect, to survey and supervise the necessary work.
Mr. Leighton had in the past been responsible for restoration of several other churches including Down Cathedral in Downpatrick. Having determined the historic standing of the building and surveyed the church in detail, quotations were sought from contractors with the necessary experience, and the following tenders were accepted:‑Cleaning and repairing the exterior,
Robert Heak LTD £44,925
Cleaning of the interior,J. & J.Mowbray & Co £16,219
Repairs to Pointing in the Chancel,Cleaning of Pews and Ceiling. £6,000
Stormglazing of Windows Caldermac £7,329
Work involved in the outside contract included the replacement of the lead valleys and damaged slates and pressure washing of the roof and walls. Several of the windows had deteriorated badly due to the weathering of the sandstone, and it was necessary to replace portions of these, especially on the vestry window. The damage to this area has been caused by the run-off of water from the roof of the tower, which over the years had dropped on to the sandstone causing considerable damage. On the tower, the pillasters have had to be rebedded and the corner pinnacles dismantled and refixed using stainless steel pins to improve the strength of the joints.
The most troublesome task of all has been the repointing of the stone work, and as the work of cutting out the old mortar proceeded, the need for restoration became more evident. Much of the mortar had softened or crumbled away, and in several places the workmen were able to push a rule through to touch the internal plaster. When the church was rebuilt and extended, the walls were lowered to window sill level, and then raised to their present height. The difference in stonework is obvious in some places, and the repointing has been a long drawn out affair.
The internal cleaning contract was given to J. & J. Mowbray & Co who, after testing various chemical cleaners found a suitable formulae for removing the ingrained staining on the sandstone in the chancel, arches, porches, windows and pulpit. Much of the staining was the accumulated dust of the past 100 years, but some of it especially in the chancel had been due to rain following storm damage to the roof some years ago.
After considering several quotations for the cleaning of the pews it was agreed to accept a tender from James Daly, who had painstakingly restored the seating in DonaghcloneyChurch.
The timbers of the ceiling were carefully sanded, and scraped and seal-ed. The cleaning has brightened the timberwork considerably and the sealer has highlighted the beauty of the wood. The cleaning of the pews took approximately 10 weeks. As each pew was scraped, sanded and sealed we began to appreciate the beauty of the natural wood. When cleaning the choir stalls, which are solid oak, it was noticed that the two shorter stalls used by the tenors and basses are made of pine, and had probably been taken from another part of the church, possibly the bapistry. Two matching oak stalls are among the many generous gifts which will be dedicated this year.
The stained-glass windows have been greatly admired, and while they have been covered by wire grills, it was agreed, to protect them by stormglazing on the outside. This will protect the lead from further damage, and will also reduce the heat loss from the building.
When planning restoration work, it is difficult to anticipate all the extras that may arise; fortunately these have been few. Woodworm was discovered in one area of the roof, and the wall around the baptistry has had to be replastered. The timbers in the porch and all doors have been cleaned and sealed.
While not included in our original estimate for the restoration, the car park has been drained and surfaced, and the drive around the church will be resurfaced. The building of the sheltered bungalows by the Church of Ireland
Housing Association in the garden of the `Curatage' will improve this area of the village, and as we approach the twenty-first century they will provide comfortable accommodation for the increasing number of retired people in our parish.
Through this restoration programme we will be able to pass on to future generations, a church which has been lovingly maintained, and in which we can sing, as our forefathers did 100 years ago — `We love the place 0 God, Wherein thine honour dwells.'
The Interior of the Church
"Lord, I have loved the habitation of Thy House, and the place where thine Honour dwelleth" Psalm 26
"I was glad when they said unto me we will go into the house of the Lord" Psalm 72
Whilst our ParishChurch today is relatively modern, it has that quality of possessing a mediaeval atmosphere and might almost pass with an archaeological visitor as a 14th CenturyEnglishChurch. The style throughout the church in its great traceried windows, its arches without key-stones, its piers, buttresses, sculpture and mouldings are certainly maintained in the Early English manner and its immediate development and therefore epitomises much of the architectural history of mediaeval England.
The church is approached by the spacious entrance porch facing North, which leads to the great double doors of oak. Three steps lead to a recessed Gothic arch of red sandstone with richly moulded jambs set in an impressive blackstone facade with freestone dressings.
Above and between these doors, with their Gothic style, wrought iron hinges, is found a niche with richly carved platform supported on a pedestal, the ornately designed base resting on the floor level. This pedestal has shafts of English marble interposed between rich moulding and leaves and grapes are featured on the base of this niche. Vine leaves also decorate the outer arch, which reaches to the porch roof. During mediaeval times a statue of the patron saint of the church would have been placed in this niche.
The porch has a roof of the `trussed rafter' type resting directly on the side walls which are lined with freestone having a punched finish and built in squared and snecked rouble with tuck on raised joints. The floor is of red tiles in herringbone pattern and resembling the wood block flooring of the Church.
Passing through the great door, the visitor faces four lofty arches separating the lateral North aisle from the nave. These arches are carried on columns of the Doric order of architecture, which suggests the influence of the classical architecture of Rome on EnglishChurch buildings.
The central column is octagonal, the one on either side being circular. All have richly moulded capitals, the symmetry and complete lack of ornamentation is a main feature here. The baptismal font, which is situated just inside the doors, signifies `admission to the church.' It is of Armagh marble and is estimated to be at least 700 years old.
Interior of MagheralinParishChurch.
"It is the house of prayer wherein Thy servants meet; And thou, 0 Lord, art there, Thy chosen flock to greet."
"And he took them up in His arms, put His hands upon them and blessed them. "
Entering the nave, the great arch thrown across its span is impressive. The single `hammer beam' roof, has recently been restored to its former glory. Its trusses rest on the hammer beams which are supported on richly moulded corbels which reach down the walls considerably, relieving them of much of the side thrust. It should be observed that the extreme principals are placed against the walls, not for consideration of strength but to reveal their graceful proportions.
Looking east, one observes the unusual perspective of the East Window, due to the deep set Chancel. One pier supporting the arch of the nave is of massive proportions and carries four vaults. An examination of this arch reveals that the sculpture of vine leaves and grapes springs from the astragal or concave moulding of the capitals and is not wreathed around them.
The crossing of the church is opened to the North and South transepts by great double arches on either side. In each case, the central columns are slender clustered shafts with delicately carved capitals in oak leaves and acorns. The principals of the `hammer beam' roof in this part of the Church rest on three pillar corbels on either side, which are richly moulded and carved in oak leaves and acorns.
This is a costly and eleborate work of caen stone, surmounted with red marble and supported on a red marble octagonal shaft with a base of bathstone on a Pace of black marble. It is richly carved in the same characteristic early decorated manner which is observed throughout the building.
The Eagle Lectern Around the base is the following inscription "To the glory of God and in memory of Rev. Edward Perry Brooke, Rector of Maralin 1863-1883, who died 21st December aged 92 years" The Lectern is of burnished brass and stands on a pace of black marble.
Memorial Plate fixed to the chancel arch behind the Lectern carries the Coat of Arms and Crest of the Brooke Family, with the Latin Motto: "Ex fontepernni" (out of the everlasting fountain) and the inscription "To the Glory of God and in loving memory of Edward Perry Brooke, Precentor of Dromore, Rector of Maralin 1863-1883. Born 19th January 1799, died 21st December 1891. This Lectern was given by the Parishioners of Maralin, and others of his friends. He died as he had lived "looking for the blessed hope and the glorious appearing of the Great God and our Saviour Jesus Christ."
The Holy Bible commemorates the first Confirmation in the present church and was the first gift to be presented. The inscription in the Rector's handwriting is as follows: "This Holy Bible was presented by the confirmation candidates and their friends, in memory of the Confirmation held in this Church on Friday, 22nd July, 1892, at 8.00 p.m. by the Right Rev. Thomas James Welland, D.D., Lord Bishop of Down and Connor and Dromore."
View of pulpit
The south transept, with its magnificent windows, resembles the Chapel of a great mediaeval Cathedral. Here the `barrel roof' is a noticeable contrast, the members of the trusses being all tenoned and pinned together to form a pentagonal arrangement.
The north transept is quite spacious and has a "collar braced" roof. Here curved braces are used to strengthen the trusses which rest on moulded but uncarved corbels.
Three steps of red sandstone, between a surround of similar stone, carved with cinque foil panels in arch formation, and with a plinth of polished black marble lead to a beautiful arch and chancel.
Gothic architecture in England can be classed in three periods known as Early English, Decorated and Perpendicular. All three are represented in our church. The arch in Early English work often rather too acute, in later work often too square had reached perfection towards the end of the 13th century. The standard of perfection was acknowledged to be when an equilateral triangle could be inscribed within the crown of the arch and its imposts or springing. Examining the arches from the crossing of the church, it can be seen that all conform to this type except the inside arches of the windows which are in the Perpendicular Period and carry the architecture of the church into the 14th century.
An examination of the chancel arch reveals a variety of width of moulded stonework within a symmetrical arrangement which gives a broken and at-tractive effect against the lime mortar finish of the plastered walls. The carved figure-heads at the springing of this chancel arch have been identified as that of Henry III (1216-72) and his consort Eleanor of Province, during whose reign many beautiful churches were built.
Beneath the foliated vine carving on the pillar corbel supporting the inner ring stones on the north wide are symbols of the temptation - the forbid-den fruit in the form of apples and the Devil as represented by the serpent.
The corbel on the south side shows a dove with spread wings coming to rest on a branch and feed on the grapes clustered among vine leaves. Here, no doubt, the dove represents peace and love, the fruits of the Spirit, which have their sustenance from Christ, who is the true vine.
Some of the piers have their sculptured foliage wreathed around the capitals and represent the Decorated Period of architecture.
The brass memorial tablet in the chancel reads —
"To the Glory of God and as a Memorial of Jeremy Taylor, Lord Bishop of Down and Connor and Dromore AD 1661-1667, this chancel has been erected by admirers of his life and works, including twenty-nine of his descendants in Europe and America, whilst the Holy Living the Holy Dying, the Great Exemplars, the Golden Grove, the Liberty of Propheysing, the Disuasive from Popery and other writings of a great and good man are his best memorial.
The foundation stone of this chancel was laid on the fifteenth day of August 1890 being the 277th anniversary of his baptism, by Mrs. Mary Elizabeth Christie MILLER nee RICHARDSON of Kircassock, who contributed magnificently to the work, and it was consecrated and the church re-opened for divine seryice after rebuilding on the 22nd day of September 1891. Thos. William Clarendon, B.D., rector. Beneath this is placed the Holy Table of the ancient church of Magheralin, where the Holy Communion was ad-ministered during his episcopate by this illustrious prelate."
On the left are the arms of the united diocese:- Quarterly 1 and 4 (Down and Connor) azure, two keys endorsed in saltire the wards in chief or, surmounted by a lamb passant in fesse argent; 2 and 3 (Dromore) argent, two keys endorsed in saltire the wards in chief gules, between two crosses pateesfitchees in pale sable, surmounted by an open book in fesse argent. To the right are the arms of the united diocese as above impaling Taylor:- ermine, on a chief gules three escallops.
The interior of the chancel is lined with water coloured bathstone built in squared and snecked rouble with tuck joints. The floor is laid with encaustic tiles which are reproductions of the ancient ones surviving in Christ Church Cathedral Dublin. The architect, recognising their beauty decided to have replicas made of the ancient tiles. This was done by Messrs Craven Dunhill and Co. (England). There are 63 different designs on the tiles - although some of these have been covered up by the Choir Stalls.
Chair used by Bishop Jeremy Taylor.
The organ is conveniently situated. It is placed for the most part, over the Vestry, in a loft opening with arches towards the North Transept and the Chancel, The console and great pipes form a screen intervening between the Chancel and Vestry. The keyboard and stop handles are framed in a cut stone arch surmounted with a deep cornice which is artistically sculptured with six cherubs surrounded with vine leaves. Three of these cherubs are represented as singing and three as playing various instruments of music. A gift, by Mr. Christie Miller, the organ, was built by Foster and Andrews of Hull.
Mr Carl McCambley organist at the organ which was a gift by Mr Christie-Millar and was built by Foster and Andrews of Hull and cost £308.00s
One step of black marble leads to the sanctuary where there is all the evidence of the ritual of mediaeval worship. On the south side there is the Piscina and Sedilia set in a richly moulded and sculptured arch. On the north side is placed a Sepulchre Niche. In mediaeval times the ritual washing of the Chalice and the Celebrant's hands was observed in the celebration of the Lord's Supper. The water used for his purpose was then poured into the Piscina where it ran out into the consecrated ground around the Church.
The Sedilia was the seating provided for those clergy who assisted at the celebration of the Sacrament. Here we have two seats, while larger churches would have three.
The Sepulchre Niche, in which is placed the Holy Table of the ancient church of Magheralin, held the Easter Sepulchre. During the Middle Ages, vigils were kept in memory of the Sacred Passion, and during Holy Week the Eastern Sepulchre was brought out to the middle of the Sanctuary step.
THE HOLY TABLE
The Holy Table rests on a Pace of polished black marble. During the Middle Ages this would have stood at the top of the Chancel steps, where the congregation could see the celebration of the Sacred Mysteries. The Holy Table of Austrian Oak is richly carved in vine leaves and grapes and bears the following inscription.
"To the glory of God and in memory of the Very Reverend Thomas William Clarendon B.D., Dean of Dromore, Rector of this Parish 1884 - 1931. This Holy Table was presented by the Parishioners."
The Reredos is a magnificent work in English red sandstone with gablets richly carved in vine leaves and grapes. It has three cinque - foil arches with clustered jambs and sculptured capitals in oak and vine leaves. The mosaic of the Reredos depicts the Annunciation, the Angel Gabriel appearing to the Virgin Mary, the arrow in his hand signifying the sorrow of the Crucifixion; the triumphant Lord, with hand upraised in blessing and the empty tomb, where Mary Magdalene and Mary came with boxes of spikenard.
The panels of the Reredos are the family memorial to Mrs. Clarendon, the inscription reads:
"To the glory of the Holy and Undivided Trinity. In memory of Lavinia Clarendon (1853-1913) the Opus Sectile Mosaic (work of cut stone) of the Reredos was given.
Valecarrissima, vale donecaspiret dies
("Farewell, beloved farewell, until the day breaks")
This memorial was dedicated by Dean Clarendon himself.
Around the Chancel on the level of the window sills is a moulded string line. On the east wall this line is in red sandstone carved in vine leaves as is also the bathstone cornice at the roof level. The Chancel has a "collar-braced" roof resting direct on the side walls, the purloins in this case being placed beneath the trusses.
The prayer desks are delicately carved in foliage in keeping with the rest of the Chancel and are of English oak, as are the choir seats. The foundation stone, in keeping with a very old tradition is placed in the extreme north-east corner of the Chancel, directly above the free-stone plinth, on which is reared the whole building.
Photo of Sanctuary with Reredos, Holy Table and Choir Stalls.
Closer photo of sanctuary with Reredos and Holy Table.
The tower was built in 1897. Designed by Sir Thomas Drew and built by Mr. J. Campbell of Belfast.
Mr. Christie-Miller had informed the Vestry of his desire to build the tower, as early as 1890. However, after the objection to the Reredos, and its subsequent dismantling, Christie-Miller was reticent to proceed with his intentions.
However, in 1894, he informed the Rector that if the Select Vestry would alter the Reredos, so as to restore it to its original form, but without the finials (the part which had caused such consternation) he and Mrs. Christie-Miller would build the Tower. He stressed that the proposal would not be entertained unless there was a substantial majority of the General Vestry in favour of it.
A General Vestry meeting for considering this proposal was held on the 29th October 1894, when it was proposed by Mr. Greer and seconded by Mr. Edward Murray:‑
"That the generous offer to build a tower to the church be accepted and that we heartily tender to Mr and Mrs. Christie-Miller, our best thanks for their great liberality towards our church on so many former occasions and that we consider the proposed tower a work of rich beauty in architectural design and that it reflects the greatest possible credit upon those who made the selection."
It appears that the Vestry also approved the model and plan submitted to them for the alteration of the Reredos. However, it was not until May 1897 that the plans, five in all, were signed by the Rector, as chairman, at a Special Select Vestry Meeting.
The tower, in early English style with red sandstone corners and ornamental terminals was dedicated on Easter Tuesday, 12th April, 1898, by the Lord Bishop of Down, Connor and Dromore, Dr. Welland D.D. It is modelled on the tower of Magdelene College, Oxford. Mr. Christie-Miller instructed Sir Thomas Drew to visit Oxford and design a modified tower, for Magheralin. Sir Thomas Drew, complied with his wishes and intimated that the secret of its beauty, lay in its proportion, rather than its "weight of ornament."
A brass plate in the church reads: "To the Glory of God and in memory of Saint Colman, the founder of the ancient Church of Lann or Lin-duacall, now Magheralin, who died 30th March, A.D. 699. The tower of this present church of the Holy and Undivided Trinity was built by Wakefield Christie-Miller D.L., J.P., of Kircassock who when the work was finished entered into rest 22nd February 1898.
The following letter from Sir Thomas Drew, architect, to Mr. Christie-Miller concerns the erection of the tower:—
22 Clare Street,Dublin. Nov. 20, 1894.
"Dear Mr. Christie-Miller, I have just now got over the pressure of some business which was taxing me for a time when you were here. I am now turning to the Tower with pleasure.
"I am advised to take a little rest after working extra hours for some time, and I think of going to Somerset to study the details of one or two towers there, as I did with great advantage when I designed a similar tower some years ago.
"It also gives me an opportunity of a visit to the Somerset Lunatic Asylum, which I want to see. I think of going on Thursday and being away for a week, but as I may find it impracticable you may perhaps find me here on Fri-day if you will call or inquire.
Yours faithfully, Thomas Drew. W. Christie-Miller."
THE CHURCH BELLS
Dedication of the church bells also took place on 12th April, 1898. The tenor bell was given in honour of the Diamond Jubilee of Queen Victoria, from whom the following letter was received. Osborne, 7th February, 1898.
Dear Sir, I have informed the Queen of the contents of your letter to me of the 3rd instant. I am commanded to thank you, for informing Her Majesty of the fact that the memorial of the Diamond Jubilee in your Parish has taken the form of a new Bell, for the Church of Maralin, which information has been received with much satisfaction by the Queen.
I am, Dear Sir, Your very faithfully, Arthur Bijje.
The Rev. T. W. Clarendon, B.D.Rector of Magheralin.
Stephen Banks, the youngest bell ringer calling the parish to worship.
Diocesan Lay Readers David and Gillian Napier
Curate Rev. Trevor Stevenson and his wife Ruth.
Parish of Maralin.
Church of the Holy and Undivided Trinity.
The New Tower & Peal of Bells
WILL BE DEDICATED (DN.)
AT EVENING PRAYER,
On Easter Tuesday, 12th April, 1898, AT 3.45.
THE SERMON WILL BE PREACHED BY THE RIGHT REVEREND
by the Lord Bishop of Down, Connor, and Dromore.
A Collection will be made for the Bells' Fund.
Your presence on the occasion is earnestly requested.
The Clergy are invited to bring their Robes.
Afternoon Tea in the Schoolhouse immediately after Service.
R.S.V.P. to Rev. T. W. Clarendon B.D., Springfield,Lurgan.
Train front Belfast 3 p.m., arriving at Moira at 3-30.
Train from Moira 6-2, arriving in Belfast at 6-3o. Vehicles will meet these Trains.
The other Bells were given as Memorials of the following people:-
THE SEVENTH (by his friends) in memory of Robert Waddell, J.P. of Drumcro, born 25th April 1825, died 14th March 1897.
THE SIXTH (by his friends) in memory of Cosslett Waddell, of Drumcro, born 5th July, 1827, died 8th August, 1888.
THE FIFTH in memory of the Rev. PrecentorBoughey William Dolling, M.A., rector 1806-1853.
THE FOURTH (by his descendants and friends) in memory of the Rev. Randal Slacke, B.A., curate 1838-9.
THE THIRD in memory of the Rev. Prebendary Henry Murphy, M.A., rector 1853 - 1863.
THE SECOND (by his descendants and friends) in memory of the Rev. Precentor Edward Perry Brooke, M.A., rector 1863-1883.
THE FIRST in memory of William Greer, of The Wilderness, born lst February, died 22nd January 1884.
The Tower was Mr. Christie-Miller's last gift to the Parish and the arrangements for the Dedication Service were discussed with him only one week before his death.
The dedication of the Tower and Bells was a solemn and sad ceremony. The bells, cast to order by Messrs Taylor, of Loughborough, are specially known for their softness and purity of tone. At the conclusion of the Lord Bishop's sermon they broke out into a muffled peal, to respect the memory of the late Mr. Christie-Miller, who had passed away, only two months before the dedication ceremony. After the initial muffled chime, the drapes were removed from the bells, and they rang out in their full strength.
THE CHURCH CLOCK
The church clock, which was erected by the parishioners and their friends as a memorial of the 19th Century, was started at midnight on 31st December, 1900. The five-bell Tennyson or Tartix chime of the clock can be heard in FreshwaterParishChurch,Isle of Wight, where the Poet Tennyson used to worship. The chimes were composed by Mr. Frank S. Smith and the clock is the work of John Smith and Sons, Derby, who at the time had also been commissioned to provide a clock for St. Paul's Cathedral, London.
Dean Clarendon's appeal for donations to buy a clock for the village reads as follows:‑
"The ParishChurch at Maralin, which was rebuilt in 1891 was provided with a graceful tower in 1898 by the generosity of the late Christie-Miller, Esq., D. L., by the contributions of many friends, a very tuneful peal of eight bells was hung."
Having the tower and bells it seems a pity not to have a clock; especially as there is no public clock in the neighbourhood, and there is often great uncertainty as to the exact time. Messrs. John Smith and Sons at Derby (makers of the new clock at St. Paul's Cathedral, London) undertake to pro-vide a suitable clock, of best quality to chime the hours and quarters on five bells, and they guarantee it to maintain perfectly accurate time, with less variation than 15 seconds a month.
The total cost of this clock will be £150. It is hoped that the clock may start on its career of usefulness beginning the 20th Century entirely free from debt.
Contributions towards the £150 required will be most gratefully received and acknowledged by Rev. T. William Clarendon, B.D., Rector of Maralin."
The Select Vestry of the Parish of Maralin have resolved that it
is desirable that there should be a permanent Memorial of the late Mr
Wakefield Christie-Miller in connection with the ParishChurch, which
owes so much to his generosity and thoughtful kindness, and where he
was such a constant worshipper when in Ireland.
Various forms for the proposed Memorial were suggested, and
it was decided that the wishes to the members of Mr. Christie-Miller's
family should be consulted on the subject.
They agreed that a Clock for the ChurchTower would be the most
The Tower was Mr. Christie-Miller's last gift to the Parish, and
the arrangements for the Dedication Service were discussed with him
only one week before his death. The Eight Bells were provided by the
parishioners and other friends at his suggestion.
It has been thought that something of real utility, as distinguished
from something mainly ornamental, would be most fitting to commemorate
a man whose chief desire was to benefit and help those around him.
The estimated cost of an accurate and durable Clock to strike the
hours and quarters is £230.
Contributions towards this amount are asked from the parishioners
ofMaralin and from other friends of Mr. Christie-Miller outside the
Parish who consider that there ought to be a Memorial of one who was
so much beloved as a cheerful, generous giver and a most kind, hospitable
Donations will be thankfully received and acknowledged by:
REV. T WILLIAM CLARENDON, B.D.The Rectory, Maralin, Co. Down
REV. T. G. G. COLLINS, B. A. Springfield,Lurgan
MESSRS. WM. BATEMAN and WM. G. IRWINChurchwardens, Maralin, Co. Down
In 1990, Canon Hutchinson recognised the need for another clock. Originally under Moira Rural District Council, the reorganisation of local government in the early 70's meant that Magheralin transferred under the control of Craigavon Borough Council. The village has since `moved' with development being concentrated in the hollow below the main road and to the south of the ParishChurch. This has been compounded by the building of a council estate in 1970 and several private developments in the ensuing years. The fully-restored clock was dedicated by the Mayor, James McCammick at the Easter morning service on Sunday 31st March, 1991 at. 11.30. The clock was electrified, reconditioned, given one new face and the other regilded and a self-start mechanism installed.
Canon Hutchinson emphasised that the Vestry chose to rededicate the clock on Easter Sunday because, "This new life being breathed into the Clock comes as we are rejoicing in the new life for Mankind, brought about by Christ rising from the dead."
Although the nucleus of the village may have moved, at its centre the traditional picture and pattern of Parish life still remains.
In 1991 Craigavon Borough Council undertook responsibility for the repair and maintenance of the clock.
Since its rebuilding in 1891 the Church has been beautified with many memorial windows. The ParishChurch is renowned for having the best examples of stained glass in Ireland. Visitors to the church have commented in particular on the art in stained glass by An TurGloine Studios, Dublin, from the beginning of the Century. These works of art can be found in the South Transept of the church. They were dedicated on Saturday afternoon 3rd April, 1903, by Rev. E. D. Atkinson, LL.B., and depict six Irish Saints. The advent of Saint Patrick laid the foundation of a period in Irish history, rich in saints.
THE MONTGOMERY MEMORIAL WINDOW
The Montgomery Window is the work of Michael Healy, who was born in Dublin in 1873. He ranks very highly among Irish stained glass artists. The window carries the following inscription:‑
"To the Glory of God and in memory of Rev. Thomas Hassard Montgomery, M.A., of Ballykeel House in this Parish, born June, 1808, died 13th October, 1865, and of his wife, Emily Saunders Montgomery, born 24th December, 1815, died 23rd april 1887., Erected by their daughter, Angel Mosse and son, Boughey William Dolling Montgomery, 1908."
NaomColm-cille (Saint Columcille) 521-597 or (Dove of the Church) with Irish crozier, is depicted in the first of these windows. Most famous of the saints of the sixth century, it is said that he copied a Psalter lent to him by St. Finnian of Moville and Finnian claimed the copy. As a result, a dispute arose, which was referred to the high king Dairmid who decreed "that the calf goes with the cow" and therefore a copy must belong to the owner of a book.
The saint is shown with a scroll or manuscript in his hand and he is also to be seen receiving from Angels the gifts of Purity, Wisdom and Prophecy. Saint Columcille died in 597 in his monastery which he had founded in Iona, where he was buried.
The second window of Healy depicts NaomPadraig (St. Patrick), the great national Apostle and Patron Saint. He is portrayed with crozier, blessing the natives. The legend that he drove all the snakes out of Ireland is perpetuated in this window.
The Montgomery family apparently was of Norman descent and possibly fought at the Battle of Hastings in 1066. The top light shows the Armorial Bearings of the family. A bent arrow is held in a dexter hand beneath which are the words in Norman French GardeBien (Guard Well).
THE EWART MEMORIAL WINDOW
This window is the work of another famous artist. Lady Glenavy. The window depicts St. Columbanus and St. Gall.
St. Columbanus was a native of Leinster. He passed from the Cloisters of Bangor to found the monastery of Bobbio in Italy, where he died in the year 615. He is depicted here, teaching monks and tending a monastery garden. Inscribed are the words: "Oh Transitory Life, how many hast thou deceived, passing as a Bird on the Wind, uncertain as a cloud, frail as a vapour."
Saint Gall is portrayed against the background of SwissMountains. A pupil of Columban, he founded in Switzerland the abbey and town called by his name. An argosy or sailing ship suggesting the sea journeys made by these holy men of early times is shown.
The Coat of Arms of the Ewart family, showing a right hand holding a cross, appears in the centre light with the motto - "IN CRUCE SPERO" (I trust in the cross).
The inscription reads: "To the Glory of God and in memory of Sir William Ewart, Bart., M.P., born 22nd November, 1817, died 1st August 1889 and of his wife Isabella Kelsu Lady Ewart (nee Matthewson), born 7th September, 1819, died 8th January, 1905. Erected by their children, Thomas William Clarendon, B.D., and Lavinia Clarendon 1908."
THE CLARENDON WINDOW
The third window represents St. Gomgall of Bangor in Co. Down and St. Finnian of Clandon in Co. Meath. These were two of the most learned of the Irish Saints, the latter being called "a doctor of wisdom and tutor of the Saints of Ireland" in his time. St. Comgall and St. Finnian are the work of A.E. Child. Child was a student of the celebrated Christopher Whall in London. He is reputed to have been the person who first taught the practical aspects of stained glass, in Ireland.
Saint Comgall is portrayed labouring in the Abbey at Bangor. St. Finnian at Moville is shown reading and holding acrozier. He is said to have travelled as far as Italy, where legends are associated with his name.
The hermitical lives which these men lived is shown by them studying in their stone cells, where the covering feathers suggest not only the invisible Wings of God's Providence but also their holy aspirations which carry them to God.
The inscription is as follows:
"To the Glory of God and in memory of Frederick Villiers Clarendon, B.A., born 8th November 1820, died 17th October 1904; and of his wife, Margaret Jane Clarendon (nee Slacke) born 5th April 1836, died 3rd February 1904. Erected by their children, Thomas William Clarendon, B.D., Rector of this Parish, Precentor of Dromore, and Lavinia Clarendon, 1908."
The family crest is in the central top light, with the Latin motto, "AmandoServio" (I serve by loving).
THE WADDELL MEMORIAL WINDOW
This small window in the North Transept depicts the parable of the Lost Sheep, where our Lord is shown carrying the sheep on His shoulder and beneath, the story of sewing the piece of cloth on to an old garment, is apparently being told. Judas Iscariot is depicted with the money bag. He has a dark halo and is portrayed as an uninterested listener.
The inscription reads: "To the Glory of God and in grateful memory of
Maria Waddell, who died 14th Florence Waddell — 1857-1903 December, 1902, aged 73, and of Florence Catherine Waddell, who died 19th February, 1903, aged 46. This window is erected by the Parishioners of Maralin."
THE GREAT EAST WINDOW
The Great East Window is a magnificent memorial by Heaton, Butler and Bayne of London. It was erected by Mr. Wakefield Christie-Miller in memory of the Archbishop of Armagh and Primate of All-Ireland, Dr. Robert Knox, and the Lord Bishop of the United Diocese, Dr. William Reeves, who officiated at the consecration of the Church.
The theme of the window is entirely appropriate for its chancel setting - a pictorial representation of "The Sermon on the Mount." Here the city of Jerusalem and surrounding mountains form the background. Palm and Olive trees give shade to the listening group. Jesus is depicted with His arms outstretched - His expression is serene and benign. The listeners, some kneeling, others standing, are representative of every walk of life. Here are the old and young; the rich and poor; women and children; the learned and ignorant; soldier and civilian.
The tracery is filled with figures representing Saints. Some are portrayed praying or playing musical instruments such as the harp, violin, flute and symbols. Four Crowns of Glory are also shown and the words, "He opened His mouth and taught them," proclaims Jesus, as the great teacher.
The window was dedicated after Evensong on Monday, 17th September, 1894, at 3.00 p.m. by Dean Clarendon: "To the Glory of God and in loving memory of Robert Knox, Primate of All Ireland and of William Reeves, Bishop of these dioceses, we dedicate this East Window, in the Faith of Jesus Christ, in the name of God the Father, God the Son and God the Holy Ghost."
THE DOLLING MEMORIAL WINDOW
The Dolling Memorial Window, also in the South Transept, was dedicated on Saturday afternoon, 15th May, 1915, by Bishop Charles. F. D'Arcy. The window is a vivid portrayal of the Last Supper and other scenes from the Gospel narrative.
The central scene depicts the Saviour, standing with the chalice elevated and giving thanks. The Apostles are about to receive their first Communion, while Judas Iscariot withdraws from the company in ignominy. St. John, the beloved Apostle, is in the place of honour on Jesus' right hand. St. Peter is placed on the left.
Below the central picture, three scenes are depicted. These are, the betrayal in the garden, the two women making their way to the tomb and the scene on the sea-shore after the resurrection. The tracery depicts incidents from the Gospels, in particular the life of John.
The text reads: "Jesus took Bread and blessed and broke it and gave it to the disciples and said `Take eat, this is My Body.' And He took the cup and gave thanks and gave it to them saying: "Drink ye all of it for this is My Blood of the New Testament, which is shed for many for the remission of sins."
A memorial plate carries the following inscription: "To the Glory of God and in memory of William Robert Radcliffe Dolling, born in Maralin Rectory, 10th February, 1851. Baptised in this church 30th March 1551, Vicar of St. Agatha'sLandport, 1885-1895.vicar of St. Saviours, Poplar 1989-1902. Died London 15th May 1902."
The East Window of the South Aisle and also the Men's Clubroom at Dollingstown were given by his friends A.D. 1914 and 1915.
DOUGLASS MEMORIAL WINDOW
The only stained glass window in the church before it was rebuilt was erected in memory of Charles Matthew Douglass, of Gracehall, who died 4th March, 1880. Erected by his nephew, Mr. St. John T. Blacker-Douglass of Killylea, Co. Armagh, the pattern is geometrical, with floral embellishments.
The colouring is profusely rich and diverse. In the central light appears the words, "I am the Resurrection and the Life, he that believeth in Me, though he were dead, yet shall he live." And in the lights to either side we read: "God is Love" and "God is Light."
CHRISTIE-MILLER (FAMILY) MEMORIAL WINDOW
The great window in the North Transept is the family memorial to Mr. Christie-Miller and was dedicated by Dean Clarendon on Sunday, 22nd July, 1900.
The window was designed and executed by Mr. Bryans, who followed the KEMPSchool of window designers.
The inscription reads: "In honour of the four Evangelists of Our Lord Jesus Christ and in memory of Wakefield Christie-Miller, D.L., born December, 1835; died February 22nd, 1898. This window is dedicated A.D., 1900."
Each evangelist is shown occupying a niche, profusely ornamented with silver-coloured pinnacles, against a richly-coloured background. In the tracery is the emblem of each Evangelist, a young boy representing St. Matthew; the lion, St. Mark; the Ox, St. Luke and the eagle, St. John. Also shown are some figures praying and some playing various musical instruments including the harp and violin.
Below each Evangelist is portrayed a story from the Bible. In the first the Wise Men are depicted offering their gifts to the Infant Jesus. The second portrayal is of Our Lord as a traveller with water bottle and staff, apparently denouncing with indignation the hostile cities. The meal at the village of Emmaus when the two travellers recognise the Risen Saviour is represented in the third scene. Here the wounds in the hands and feet are clearly visible. The fourth scene portrays St. Peter and St. John on the sea shore when the former is being rebuked for his question concerning the death of St. John.
THE BAPTISTRY WINDOW/CHRISTIE-MILLER MEMORIAL WINDOW
This window was dedicated at Morning Prayer on Sunday, 30th July, 1899, by Dr. R. S. O'Loughlin, Dean of Dromore and Rector of Shankill. Erected by the Parishioners of Magheralin in memory of Mr. Wakefield Christie-Miller, D.L. it depicts Our Lord blessing children. He is portrayed, holding a child in His arms, while others are shown kneeling, and mothers standing.
The window is inscribed: "And they brought young children to Him also." "To the Glory of God and in grateful and affectionate memory of Wakefield Christie-Miller, D.L., who died 22nd February, 1898, aged 61 years. Erected by the Parishioners of Magheralin."
COUSINS MEMORIAL WINDOW
On the south wall is a modem window depicting Zacharias and Elizabeth
with the inscription: "They were both righteous before God."
The window was dedicated on Easter Day, 1975, in memory of Samuel
and Maud Cousins.
CLARENDON/WARD MEMORIAL WINDOW
A second window in the baptistry, NUNC DIMITTIS depicts the story of Old Simeon.
This window is in memory of William Randall Slacke Clarendon M.A., Curate of Magheralin 1913-1931, and his sister Dorothea, Mary Ward for many yearsChurchorganist. Presented by their many friends in the Parish. Dorothy Clarendon
The Ancient Silver Communion Plate
We are fortunate in having some fine silver of the restoration period in our Church. The ancient silver communion plate was given during the period 1675-1687, The pieces include:
A Chalice inscribed: "Anno Domino 1675" (the year of our Lord 1675) stands eight inches in height and measures 13 inches round the Calyx.
A Small Paten "In ministerium S.S. mysteriorum in Ecclesia De Magheralin, 1675" (In ministering to the sacred mysteries in the Church of Magheralin 1675).
A Large Paten inscribed "Dedit Francesca Holman Pietatis ergo An-no Domino 1681" (Given by Francesca Holman as a work of piety, in the year of our Lord, 1681).
A Large Flagan with lid inscribed "Anna Domino 1687."
Alms Plate inscribed "Anna Domina 1687."
It is significant that all these pieces were presented to the Church after the Commonwealth had ceased to exist and after the puritan ministers introduced by the Lord Protector had come and gone. While it cannot be stated authoritatively that Francesca Holman gave all the Communion plate, this would appear to be the case, because of the similarity between the inscriptions.
The ancient silver communion plate, given during the period 1657-1687.
Two Silver Alms Plates inscribed "Presented to Rev. Rector E.P. Brooke and congregation of Maralin Parish by Capt. W. H. Kinsey, Springfield, and John Morrow, Taugherane, Churchwarden for 1879."
Silver Alms Plate inscribed "In loving memory of 2nd Lieutenant Ivan P. Watson, 12th R.I.R. died of wounds March 28th 1918. Given by his mother to MaralinParishChurch."
The Gold Alms Dish Parish memorial to Mrs. Christie-Miller.In-scribed "In grateful memory of Mary Elizabeth Christie-Miller of Kircassock.A true friend and benefactor of this Parish, who died November 5th 1929. This alms dish is presented by the parishioners."
The Old Rectory
The old rectory — the third storey, added during Rev. Henry Murphy's incumbency, was used as a type of hospital for nursing the sick.
The late Rt. Rev. George Alderson Quin, former Bishop of Down and Dromore, Rector of Magheralin from 1943-1951, records in the Easter Vestry 1951 that he personally had been responsible for much of the delay in approving the building of a new Rectory. This opposition had originated largely because of his `sentimental attachments.' At the Easter Vestry Mr. Quin paid tribute to the Churchwarden, Mr. C. Waddell, for keeping open the question of a new Rectory. The Rector acknowledged that the time had finally come to implement plans for a new Rectory. It may be that practical issues precipitated this acknowledgement. The story is told about the ceiling falling in on his children. The story, a true one, doubtlessly removed some of the sentimentality which surrounded the building.
It is not difficult to comprehend the nostalgia which Rector Quin identified with the building. The photograph shown here speaks of its charm and character. However, by 1950, the cost of patching and restoring the old Georgian building had become prohibitive and the result was still a somewhat dangerous and inconvenient Rectory, which was a burden to successive Rectors and even more so their wives. It was in 1951, that the Select Vestry took the serious steps of authorising a new Rectory at the cost of £6,000.
The building was originally only two storeys. However during the Rev. H. Murphy's incumbency a third storey was added which acted as a type of hospital — with all its charm it must also have been a stark and sobering place to live in. The children brought up in the Rectory during the 18th and 19th Centuries, could not fail to know what life was like. Their father was fully involved in the human misery of the times.
Within close proximity to the Rectory was the burial ground surrounding the old church where he performed the numerous burial services of men, women and children. During the 19th Century it was fast becoming overfilled and unhealthy, and by 1900, it had fallen into a `wretched state' as evidenced in the following communication.
MARALIN OLD GRAVEYARD
2nd May, 1905,
Dear Sir, I wrote to Lurgan Board of Guardians on 16th July, 1903, respecting the condition of above and had a reply from you dated 22nd August, 1903, saying that the Moira Rural District Council had referred my letter to the Burial Ground Committee with instructions to take such action as the latter might consider advisable. I was at Maralin on 25th April and found everything in just the same condition, except that some of the lower ivy has been cut off the old tower. There are great branches of ivy higher up which must give the wind great leverage and make the place quite dangerous. Everything about the graveyard is in a very wretched state and it is evident that no attention is paid to it. The old man who is caretaker was very drunk and I had great difficulty in getting him out of his house and getting the gate opened.
I was told by some of the neighbours that others had been trying to get into the graveyard that day, but had not been able to do so and that the old man is often in the same condition. I trust that the Burial Ground Committee will make enquiries for itself and that such a change will be made as will en-sure the Churchyard being properly looked after and prevent people who may travel a considerable distance to visit, it being at the mercy of that wretched old man.
Yours truly, (signed) B. W. D. Montgomery. Mr. Wm. J. Corner,
Rural District Council Office,
Union Workhouse, Lurgan.
The grim reality of such a churchyard setting must have had at least a melancholic effect on the Rectory families. However, a more sinister element may also be considered here. It certainly appears that the close proximity of the Rectory to the burial ground was a threat, if not a positive danger to the health of the occupants of the Rectory. Numerous references throughout the church minutes and other documents record for us the illnesses and fever suffered by the clergy throughout the 18th and 19th Centuries. Often in the Vestry minutes we read of the absence of the Rector, due to ill-health, headaches and low fever. One such entry records: "The Rector was absent due to one of his usual headaches."
Dr. O'Donovan writes in 1834; "I walked....to see Rev. B. W. Dolling....his wife told me he could not be seen as he was ill."
As we have already noted the Rev. H. Murphy's family suffered numerous illnesses and weakly constitutions. Only in 1894 was concern first expressed over the well at the Rectory.
In a letter to Mr. Christie-Miller, Dean Clarendon comments on his wife's ill-health.
"The doctor here does not seem to take as hopeful a view of Mrs. Clarendon's case as the Dublin men, Doctors Little and Gordon did. He says the case will be a tedious one and says it is caused by blood poisoning, wishing to know if our drains and well are all right. I am having the water analysed by Dr. Hodges of Belfast .... "
In 1946 concern was again expressed over the Rectory well.
Two Vestrymen were appointed to consider the matter of escaping sewage into the well. In 1949 one officer from the Down Country Sanitary Department attended a Vestry meeting and reported on the water supply at the Rectory. On this occasion he made some suggestions for the improvement of the quality of the water, but acknowledged that all surface wells are dangerous.
The fact that the Rectory well, adjoined the old graveyard gave cause for concern. The land was damp and unhealthy due to its low situation. Because of the limestone hills surrounding the setting, water percolated through. In 1840 Edwin Chadwick in his investigations into sanitary conditions, established a link between the custom of burying the dead and disease, Chadwick in 1843 comments on this practice.
"My attention was first directed to this matter in London ten years ago, when a glass of water presented a peculiar film on its surface.... after numerous enquiries I was fully satisfied that the appearance which had attracted my attention arose from the coffins in a churchyard immediately ad-joining the well where the water had been drawn. Defective as our information is as to the precise qualities of the various products from drains, churchyards and other similar places, I think I have seen enough to satisfy me that in all such situations the fluids of the living system inbibe materials which though they do not always produce great severity of disease, speedily induce a morbid condition, which....renders the body more prone to attacks of fever."
Chadwick's investigations led to the first Public Health Act in the 1840's. However, the melancholic cemetery in Magheralin saw the practice too of covering graves with large flat stones, ensuring nothing would grow over the graves. In 1850, an Inspector of the General Board of Health commented on this practice. He concluded that: "This practice is a very bad one as it prevents that access of atmospheric air to the ground which is necessary for promoting decomposition; and besides the stones take the place of those grasses and shrubs which if planted there, would tend to absorb the gases evolved during the decomposition and tender the process less likely to contaminate the atmosphere."
It seems more than co-incidental that the Rectory families suffered from a catalogue of minor illnesses up until the new Rectory was built. Given the source of the Rectory drinking water - it is little wonder that they were vulnerable and susceptible to headaches and fever, being continually exposed to contaminated water.
Situated opposite to our present church, the new Rectory was built in 1952. The site chosen was that adjacent to the old Rectory which was demolished in June of the same year. Thieves are probably not more numerous in Magheralin than elsewhere, but in 1952 they were not unplentiful. Considerable pilfering took place before demolition of the old Rectory and in April 1952, members of the Vestry kept a vigil for several nights in the hope of intercepting the culprit. The Vestrymen were not successful in catching the thief and the decision was then taken to remove valuables from the house.
The Select Vestry authorised a new house at the cost of £6,000. This was a decision which was not taken lightly, and a great deal of discussion and debate ensued before plans were drawn up.
After a great deal of hard thinking it was felt that one-third of the sum required could be raised, while £4,000 should be borrowed from the Representative Church Body of the Church of Ireland.
The interest charged was 4% per annum. The debt to be repaid over 35 years (at the rate of £250 per year), making at total of almost £9,000. Compound interest was a frightening thing to the congregation of 1950's. If they opted to take 35 years to repay the debt, they would have paid nearly £5,000 interest on a loan of £4,000.
The Parish decided against this option. The last instalment of the repayment of the loan was made in 1959. They took seven years as opposed to 35 years — and the interest paid by the parish was £630 instead of nearly £5,000. Building and remaking the grounds cost a few hundred more than had been anticipated so that the total cost was £7,000.
The rebuilding of the Rectory was quite a milestone in the Parish and marked the beginning of a new era. To raise £7,000 in the post-war period, in a country parish was a considerable achievement.
The rebuilding of the new Rectory is significant in that the generosity of the Parish and the herculean efforts of the Vestry have been the hallmark of numerous building ventures since then.
Shortly after the arrival of Mr. Hutchinson in the parish, the Vestry recognised the need to improve the kitchen at the Rectory. With voluntary labour, a new modern kitchen was added in 1975. Some years later in 1988 the house required to be re-wired under N.I.E.B. regulations, and at the same time the metal windows were all replaced using the new techniques in `plastics' and double glazing. The entire house was redecorated and for the first time the exterior of the house was painted, giving it a very rich and majestic appearance.
The avenue was kerbed and tarmaced and the vestry were pleased to accept a gift of pillar lamps and standards for the avenue. The cost of the renovations amounted to £18,000 but, as mentioned earlier, was met by the interest accruing from the sale of the glebe land.
THE PAROCHIAL HALL
On Saturday, 18th September, 1965, the foundation stone of the Parochial Hall was laid by Mrs. G. A. Quin, wife of the then Ven. G. A. Quin.
The dedication of the site was performed by the Rector, Rev. P. J. Synnott, and following the reading of Psalm 24 the foundation stone was dedicated by Archdeacon Quin.
The builder, Mr. A. A. Quinn, presented a silver trowel to Mrs. Quin at the request of the People's Churchwarden Mr. R. Kinkead. She then performed the laying ceremony. A bouquet was then presented to Mrs. Quin by Miss Joy Synnott.
The Rector's Churchwarden, Mr. W. Lyttle, thanked Archdeacon Quin and his wife for honouring the Parish with their presence.
Saturday, May 21st 1966, saw the completion of the building. In a simple and dignified ceremony, Lord Luke of Pavenham opened the Hall in the presence of the Bishop, Parishioners and friends.
The Lord Bishop performed the dedication service assisted by the Dean, the Archdeacon and the Rector of the Parish. The Rev. J. A. Pickering acted as Bishop's Chaplain.
New Parochial Hall, opened in May 1966
Laying the foundation stone of the Parochial Hall — 18th September, 1965.
Included in the picture are: Canon P. J. Synnott, Mrs. Quin, Bishop Quin,
Rev. J. Pickering, Mr. A. Quin (builder), Mr. B. Kinkead, Mr. Bill Lyttle